haitian heritage parade
Haitian-American Heritage and Flag Day Celebration 2021. The rising trend of people with Haitian ethnicity living in the U.S. continues from 2010 to 2015 to 2019. Photo by Leonardo March

WISCONSIN — Nearly 1.1 million people of Haitian ancestry live in the United States, according to the latest Census Bureau data available on residents’ race and origins. And with Haitian communities throughout the United States participating in Haitian Heritage Month celebrations, it’s worth revisiting the most recent available data about Haitians in the country.

Keep in mind, these estimated figures may be an undercount of the actual number, as experts have said. For one, they do not include data from the most recent 2020 survey held during the pandemic. Nor do they include Haitian refugees who arrived via the U.S.-Mexico border in 2021. Some metro areas may overlap with the cities listed below. For additional details, check the tables for your area. 

Despite these limitations, here’s a breakdown of the estimated number of Haitian-Americans in the U.S. with a link to graphs.

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J.O. Haselhoef is the author of “Give & Take: Doing Our Damnedest NOT to be Another Charity in Haiti.” She co-founded "Yonn Ede Lot" (One Helping Another), a nonprofit that partnered with volunteer groups in La Montagne ("Lamontay"), Haiti from 2007-2013. She writes and lives in Milwaukee, Wisconsin.