President Trump wants to stop the U.S. from automatically granting citizenship to undocumented immigrants’ babies born in the U.S., a policy that — if approved — could hinder those children’s future economic success, critics say.

The president wants to sign an executive order to end birthright citizenship, a rule under the 14th Amendment that guarantees citizenship to children born in the U.S. regardless of their parents’ status, he told Axios. He claimed the U.S. was the only country in the world where immigrants’ babies get all the benefits of citizenship, though that is incorrect — more than 30 countries have birthright citizenship, including Mexico, Canada and Brazil.

Trump said on Twitter TWTR, -0.18% that birthright citizenship costs the country billions of dollars and is unfair to its residents. Lindsey Graham, a Republican Senator from South Carolina, said birthright citizenship was a “magnet for illegal immigration in modern times.”

About 275,000 babies were born in the U.S. in 2016 to non-citizen immigrant parents, or 7% of the 4 million births in the U.S. that year, according to a Washington, D.C.-based think tank Pew Research Center report. The number of babies born to undocumented immigrant parents has been declining steadily since 2009, when that figure was 330,000 births. Another Pew Research study found that in 2014, about 4 million unauthorized immigrant adults (or 39% of them) lived with their U.S.-born children, either minors or adults. Continue reading

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